常見的CSS圖形繪製合集

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常見的CSS圖形繪製合集

byzhangxinxu from https://www.zhangxinxu.com/wordpress/?p=8386

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常見的CSS圖形繪製合集

以下這些造型簡單的圖形都是純CSS外加一個HTML標籤實現的,不少實現以前我介紹過,或者你也知道,但是有些相信你沒見過。

1. 正方形

實時渲染效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#square {
  width: 100px; height: 100px;
  background: red;
}

2. 長方形

效果:

相關CSS代碼:

#rectangle {
  width: 200px; height: 100px;
  background: red;
}

3. 正圓

這個顯然藉助圓角實現,效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#circle {
  width: 100px; height: 100px;
  background: red;
  border-radius: 50%
}

4. 橢圓

效果如下:

相比正圓就是尺寸有些不一樣,相關CSS代碼:

#oval {
  width: 200px; height: 100px;
  background: red;
  border-radius: 50%;
}

5. 向上三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-up {
  width: 0;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 100px solid red;
}

6. 向下三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-down {
  width: 0;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top: 100px solid red;
}

7. 方向朝左的三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-left {
  width: 0;
  border-top: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 100px solid red;
  border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

8. 方向朝右的三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-right {
  width: 0;
  border-top: 50px solid transparent;
  border-left: 100px solid red;
  border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

9. 左上三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-topleft {
  width: 0;
  border-top: 100px solid red;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

也可以使用一個45°的斜向線性漸變實現,不過兼容性沒有使用 border 實現好。

10. 右上三角

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-topright {
  width: 0;
  border-top: 100px solid red;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

也可以使用一個45°的斜向線性漸變實現,不過兼容性沒有使用 border 實現好。

11. 左下角三角圖形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-bottomleft {
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-bottom: 100px solid red;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

也可以使用漸變繪製。

12. 右下角三角圖形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#triangle-bottomright {
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border-bottom: 100px solid red;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

也可以使用漸變繪製。

13. 弧形尾箭頭

效果如下:

完整CSS代碼:

#curvedarrow {
  position: relative;
  width: 0;
  border-top: 90px solid transparent;
  border-right: 90px solid red;
  transform: rotate(10deg) translateX(100%);
}
#curvedarrow:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  border: 0 solid transparent;
  border-top: 30px solid red;
  border-radius: 200px 0 0 0;
  top: -120px; left: -90px;
  width: 120px; height: 120px;
  transform: rotate(45deg);
}

實際使用用不到這麼大的圖形,只要把CSS中所有的數值(不包括旋轉)全部都縮小10倍就好了。

14. 梯形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#trapezoid {
  border-bottom: 100px solid red;
  border-left: 25px solid transparent;
  border-right: 25px solid transparent;
  width: 100px;
}

15. 等邊四邊形

頁面渲染效果如下:

可以藉助transform屬性的skew斜切實現:

#parallelogram {
  width: 150px;
  height: 100px;
  transform: skew(20deg);
  background: red;
}

16. 六角星

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#star-six {
  width: 0;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 100px solid red;
  position: relative;
}
#star-six:after {
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top: 100px solid red;
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  top: 30px; left: -50px;
}

17. 五角星

效果如下:

五角星實現難度要比六角形大得多,CSS代碼為:

#star-five {
  margin: 50px 0;
  position: relative;
  color: red;
  width: 0px;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 70px solid red;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
  transform: rotate(35deg);
}
#star-five:before {
  border-bottom: 80px solid red;
  border-left: 30px solid transparent;
  border-right: 30px solid transparent;
  position: absolute;
  top: -45px; left: -65px;
  content: '';
  transform: rotate(-35deg);
}
#star-five:after {
  position: absolute;
  color: red;
  top: 3px; left: -105px;
  border-right: 100px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 70px solid red;
  border-left: 100px solid transparent;
  transform: rotate(-70deg);
  content: '';
}

18. 多邊形-五邊形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#pentagon {
  position: relative;
  width: 54px;
  box-sizing: content-box;
  border-width: 50px 18px 0;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: red transparent;
}
#pentagon:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: -85px; left: -18px;
  border-width: 0 45px 35px;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: transparent transparent red;
}

當然,最容易理解的實現方法是使用clip-path。

19. 多邊形-六邊形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#hexagon {
  width: 100px; height: 55px;
  background: red;
  position: relative;
}
#hexagon:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: -25px; left: 0;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 25px solid red;
}
#hexagon:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  bottom: -25px; left: 0;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top: 25px solid red;
}

20. 多邊形-八邊形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#octagon {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  background: red;
  position: relative;
}
#octagon:before {
  content: "";
  width: 100px;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; left: 0;
  border-bottom: 29px solid red;
  border-left: 29px solid #fff;
  border-right: 29px solid #fff;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}
#octagon:after {
  content: "";
  width: 100px;
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0; left: 0;
  border-top: 29px solid red;
  border-left: 29px solid #fff;
  border-right: 29px solid #fff;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

21. 愛心❥

實現後的愛心效果:

相關CSS代碼:

#heart {
  position: relative;
  width: 100px; height: 90px;
}
#heart:before,
#heart:after {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  left: 50px; top: 0;
  width: 50px; height: 80px;
  background: red;
  border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
  transform: rotate(-45deg);
  transform-origin: 0 100%;
}
#heart:after {
  left: 0;
  transform: rotate(45deg);
  transform-origin: 100% 100%;
}

此效果作者是 Nicolas Gallagher .

22. 無限

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#infinity {
  position: relative;
  width: 212px; height: 100px;
  box-sizing: content-box;
}
#infinity:before,
#infinity:after {
  content: "";
  box-sizing: content-box;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; left: 0;
  width: 60px; height: 60px;
  border: 20px solid red;
  border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
  transform: rotate(-45deg);
}
#infinity:after {
  left: auto; right: 0;
  border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
  transform: rotate(45deg);
}

此效果作者是 Nicolas Gallagher .

23. 菱形方塊

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#diamond {
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom-color: red;
  position: relative;
  top: -50px;
}
#diamond:after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  left: -50px;
  top: 50px;
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top-color: red;
}

此效果作者是 Joseph Silber .

24. 菱形盾構

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#diamond-shield {
  width: 0;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 20px solid red;
  position: relative;
  top: -50px;
}
#diamond-shield:after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  left: -50px; top: 20px;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top: 70px solid red;
}

此效果作者是 Joseph Silber .

25. 方塊菱形-窄

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#diamond-narrow {
  width: 0;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 70px solid red;
  position: relative;
  top: -50px;
}
#diamond-narrow:after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  left: -50px; top: 70px;
  border: 50px solid transparent;
  border-top: 70px solid red;
}

此效果作者是 Joseph Silber .

26. 切割菱形-鑽石般

學會了這個,求婚時候直接寫幾行CSS送給女朋友就好了,可以省很多錢。

值錢的CSS代碼:

#cut-diamond {
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: transparent transparent red transparent;
  border-width: 0 25px 25px 25px;
  width: 50px;
  box-sizing: content-box;
  position: relative;
  margin: 20px 0 50px 0;
}
#cut-diamond:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 25px; left: -25px;
  border-style: solid;
  border-color: red transparent transparent transparent;
  border-width: 70px 50px 0 50px;
}

27. 雞蛋形狀

效果不錯:

實現也很簡單,就 一個border-radius就可以 了:

#egg {
  display: block;
  width: 126px;
  height: 180px;
  background-color: red;
  border-radius: 50% 50% 50% 50% / 60% 60% 40% 40%;
}

28. 吃豆人

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#pacman {
  width: 0px; height: 0px;
  border-right: 60px solid transparent;
  border-top: 60px solid red;
  border-left: 60px solid red;
  border-bottom: 60px solid red;
  border-top-left-radius: 60px;
  border-top-right-radius: 60px;
  border-bottom-left-radius: 60px;
  border-bottom-right-radius: 60px;
}

29. 帶尖角的說話泡泡

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#talkbubble {
  width: 120px; height: 80px;
  background: red;
  position: relative;
  border-radius: 10px;
}
#talkbubble:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  right: 100%; top: 26px;
  border-top: 13px solid transparent;
  border-right: 26px solid red;
  border-bottom: 13px solid transparent;
}

30. 十二星

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#burst-12 {
  background: red;
  width: 80px;
  height: 80px;
  position: relative;
  text-align: center;
}
#burst-12:before,
#burst-12:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  height: 80px;
  width: 80px;
  background: red;
}
#burst-12:before {
  transform: rotate(30deg);
}
#burst-12:after {
  transform: rotate(60deg);
}

這個效果的作者是 Alan Johnson

31. 八角形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#burst-8 {
  background: red;
  width: 80px; height: 80px;
  position: relative;
  text-align: center;
  transform: rotate(20deg);
}
#burst-8:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; left: 0;
  height: 80px; width: 80px;
  background: red;
  transform: rotate(135deg);
}

這個效果的作者是 Alan Johnson

32. 陰陽八卦

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#yin-yang {
  width: 96px; height: 48px;
  background: #eee;
  border-color: red;
  border-style: solid;
  border-width: 2px 2px 50px 2px;
  border-radius: 100%;
  position: relative;
}
#yin-yang:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%; left: 0;
  background: #fff;
  border: 18px solid red;
  border-radius: 100%;
  width: 12px; height: 12px;
}
#yin-yang:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  background: red;
  border: 18px solid #eee;
  border-radius: 100%;
  width: 12px;
  height: 12px;
}

此效果作者是Alexander Futekov。

33. 徽章緞帶

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#badge-ribbon {
  position: relative;
  background: red;
  height: 100px; width: 100px;
  border-radius: 50px;
}
#badge-ribbon::before,
#badge-ribbon::after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  border-bottom: 70px solid red;
  border-left: 40px solid transparent;
  border-right: 40px solid transparent;
  top: 70px; left: -10px;
  transform: rotate(-140deg);
}
#badge-ribbon::after {
  left: auto;
  right: -10px;
  transform: rotate(140deg);
}

此效果作者是 Catalin Rosu

34. bilibili電視機

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#tv {
  position: relative;
  width: 200px; height: 150px;
  margin: 20px 0;
  background: red;
  border-radius: 50% / 10%;
  color: white;
  text-align: center;
  text-indent: .1em;
}
#tv:before {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  top: 10%; bottom: 10%; right: -5%; left: -5%;
  background: inherit;
  border-radius: 5% / 50%;
}

35. V形線條

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#chevron {
  position: relative;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 12px;
  margin-bottom: 6px;
  height: 60px; width: 200px;
}
#chevron:before {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; left: 0;
  height: 100%; width: 51%;
  background: red;
  transform: skew(0deg, 6deg);
}
#chevron:after {
  content: '';
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; right: 0;
  height: 100%; width: 50%;
  background: red;
  transform: skew(0deg, -6deg);
}

36. 放大鏡

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#magnifying-glass {
  font-size: 10em;
  display: inline-block;
  width: 0.4em; height: 0.4em;
  border: 0.1em solid red;
  position: relative;
  border-radius: 0.35em;
}
#magnifying-glass:before {
  content: "";
  display: inline-block;
  position: absolute;
  right: -0.25em; bottom: -0.1em;
  border-width: 0;
  background: red;
  width: 0.35em; height: 0.08em;
  transform: rotate(45deg);
}

這個實現很不錯,單位是 em ,實用性就很強。

37. 月兒彎彎

月兒彎彎照九州:

相關CSS代碼:

#moon {
  width: 80px; height: 80px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  box-shadow: 15px 15px 0 0 red;
}

38. 旗幟

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#flag {
  width: 110px; height: 56px;
  padding-top: 15px;
  position: relative;
  background: red;
}
#flag:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  left: 0; bottom: 0;
  border-bottom: 13px solid #fff;
  border-left: 55px solid transparent;
  border-right: 55px solid transparent;
}

此效果實現的作者是 Zoe Rooney .

39. 圓錐體

效果如下:

依然是活用 圓角border-radius屬性

#cone {
  width: 0; height: 0;
  border-left: 70px solid transparent;
  border-right: 70px solid transparent;
  border-top: 100px solid red;
  border-radius: 50%;
}

40. 十字架

效果如下:

可以作為添加按鈕,或者添加圖標。

相關代碼:

#cross {
  background: red;
  width: 20px; height: 100px;
  position: relative;
}
#cross:after {
  background: red;
  content: "";
  width: 100px; height: 20px;
  position: absolute;
  left: -40px; top: 40px;
}

41. 棒球踏板形狀

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#base {
  background: red;
  display: inline-block;
  height: 55px; width: 100px;
  margin-left: 20px;
  margin-top: 55px;
  position: relative; 
}
#base:before {
  border-bottom: 35px solid red;
  border-left: 50px solid transparent;
  border-right: 50px solid transparent;
  content: "";
  left: 0; top: -35px;
  position: absolute;  
}

這個效果實現的作者是 Josh Rodgers

42. 長長的指向圖形

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#pointer {
  width: 200px; height: 40px;
  position: relative;
  background: red;
}
#pointer:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  left: 0; bottom: 0;
  border-left: 20px solid white;
  border-top: 20px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 20px solid transparent;
}
#pointer:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  right: -20px; bottom: 0;
  border-left: 20px solid red;
  border-top: 20px solid transparent;
  border-bottom: 20px solid transparent;
}

此效果實現作者是Amsakanna Freethinker。

43. 鎖

效果如下:

相關CSS代碼:

#lock {
  font-size: 8px;
  position: relative;
  width: 18em; height: 13em;
  border-radius: 2em;
  top: 10em;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border: 3.5em solid red;
  border-right-width: 7.5em;
  border-left-width: 7.5em;
  margin: 0 0 6rem 0;
}
#lock:before {
  content: "";
  box-sizing: border-box;
  position: absolute;
  border: 2.5em solid red;
  width: 14em; height: 12em;
  left: 50%;
  margin-left: -7em; top: -12em;
  border-top-left-radius: 7em;
  border-top-right-radius: 7em;
}
#lock:after {
  content: "";
  box-sizing: border-box;
  position: absolute;
  border: 1em solid red;
  width: 5em; height: 8em;
  border-radius: 2.5em;
  left: 50%; top: -1em;
  margin-left: -2.5em;
}

此效果實現作者是Colin Bate。

以上就是本次CSS繪製圖形合集。

原文 : 張鑫旭

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